In 2005, the city hosted the SAFF Championship at this ground, as well as the Geo Super Football League 2007, which attracted capacity crowds during the games. Parks: Parks located in Karachi include Bagh Ibne Qasim, Boat Basin Park, Mazar-e-Quaid, Karachi Zoo, Hill Park, Safari Park, Bagh-e-Jinnah, PAF Museum Park and Maritime Museum Park. [298], In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Karachi was rocked by political conflict while crime rates drastically increased with the arrival of weaponry from the War in Afghanistan. Karachi has the highest percentage of residents in Pakistan who report that their streets are never cleaned – 42% of residents in Karachi report their streets are never cleaned, compared to 10% of residents in Lahore. Each committee also manages water supply, sewage, and roads (except for 28 main arteries, which are managed by the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation). My city karachi essay in urdu. Distance From Karachi to Pakistan Cities. It offers further connections to northern Pakistan and the Afghan border near Torkham, as well as the N-25 National Highway which connects the port city to the Afghan border near Quetta. All rights of the publication are reserved by UrduPoint.com. [214] They established the posh Cincinnatus Town in Garden East as a Goan enclave. [109] At this time, Karachi was also rocked by political conflict, while crime rates drastically increased with the arrival of weaponry from the War in Afghanistan. [247], In 2001, during the rule of General Pervez Musharraf, five districts of Karachi were merged to form the city district of Karachi, with a three-tier structure. [129], Unable to provide housing to large numbers of refugees shortly after independence, Karachi's authorities first issued "slips" to refugees beginning in 1950 – Following the 1843 annexation, the entire province was amalgamated into the Bombay Presidency for the next 93 years. At the end of the 19th century, Karachi had an estimated population of 105,000. [227], The railway system also handles freight linking Karachi port to destinations up-country in northern Pakistan. The injured were moved to the Civil hospital. [265], Households in Orangi self-organized to set-up their own sewerage system under the Orangi Pilot Project,[269] a community service organization founded in 1980. After 1958 the ISLAMABAD became the capital of Pakistan. [295], The city's large population results in high numbers of homicides with a moderate homicide rate. The second corridor connects Surjani Town with Shahrah-e-Faisal over a 19-kilometre span, while the third stretch 28 km (17 1⁄2 mi) and connects Karachi's urban centre to the Gulistan-e-Johar suburb. My city karachi essay in urdu [129], Katrak Bandstand at the Jehangir Kothari Parade, Karachi has a collection of buildings and structures of varied architectural styles. Karachi The match was seen by 5,000 Karachiites. At a height of 300 metres (980 ft), Bahria Icon Tower is the tallest skyscraper in Pakistan and second tallest in South Asia. [87] The New Town was subdivided into residential, commercial, and military areas. The city has become a software outsourcing hub for Pakistan. [169][170][171] Karachi's population grew by 59.8% since the 1998 census to 14.9 million, while Lahore city grew 75.3%[172] – though Karachi's census district had not been altered by the provincial government since 1998, while Lahore's had been expanded by Punjab's government,[172] leading to some of Karachi's growth to have occurred outside the city's census boundaries. [178] As a result of continued migration, over 96.5% of the city currently is estimated to be Muslim.[2]. 2010. In 1948, the Federal Capital Territory of Pakistan was created, comprising approximately 2,103 km2 (812 sq mi) of Karachi and surrounding areas, but this was merged into the province of West Pakistan in 1961. Karachi is important city in Pakistan, UrduPoint provides local news of Karachi on the UrduPoint Pakistan Section. by Rohan Bedi April 2006, information and communications technology, Bai Virbaijee Soparivala (B.V.S.) [107] To appease conservative forces, Bhutto banned alcohol in Pakistan, and cracked-down of Karachi's discotheques and cabarets - leading to the closure of Karachi's once-lively nightlife. [72] The Talpurs built the Manora Fort in 1797,[78][79] which was used to protect Karachi's Harbor from al-Qasimi pirates. [39] Karachi is considered to be Pakistan's fashion capital,[40][41] and has hosted the annual Karachi Fashion Week since 2009. [26] The new settlement is said to have been named in honour of Mai Kolachi, whose son is said to have slain a man-eating crocodile in the village after his elder brothers had already been killed by it. The city's population by 1961 had grown 369% compared to 1941. Be prepared for the day. [97] Urdu replaced Sindhi as Karachi's most widely spoken language; Sindhi was the mother tongue of 51% of Karachi in 1941, but only 8.5% in 1951, while Urdu grew to become the mother tongue of 51% of Karachi's population. [91], At the dawn of independence following the success of the Pakistan Movement in 1947, Karachi was Sindh's largest city with a population of over 400,000. [71] In 1725, a band of Balochi settlers from Makran and Kalat had settled in the hamlet after fleeing droughts and tribal feuds. Pakistan has the fifth largest population (207.77 million) in the world. Naimatullah Khan was the first Nazim of Karachi during the Union Council period, while Shafiq-Ur-Rehman Paracha was the first district co-ordination officer of Karachi. in Lahore. 卡拉奇 (巴基斯坦) qiǎ lā qí - (bā jī sī tǎn). The Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology (SZABIST), founded in 1995 by former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto, operates a campus in Karachi. Located on the Arabian Sea, Karachi is also known as the "City of Lights" and "The Bride of the Cities." Karachi is home to several of Pakistan's most important museums. There are talks of it being taken away from this custody and being renovated and the Lodge being preserved with its original woodwork and ornate wooden staircase. [91] By 1924, the Drigh Road Aerodrome was established,[91] now the Faisal Air Force Base. The National Academy of Performing Arts,[286] located in the former Hindu Gymkhana, offers diploma courses in performing arts including classical music and contemporary theatre. urdu. Key civic bodies, such as the Karachi Water and Sewerage Board and KBCA (Karachi Building Control Authority), among others, are under the direct control of the Government of Sindh. Under the Talpurs, the Rah-i-Bandar road was built to connect the city's port to the caravan terminals. It is dry and pleasant relative to the warm hot season, which starts in March and lasts until monsoons arrive in June. [98] Riots erupted on 6 January 1948, after which most of Sindh's Hindu population left for India,[98] with assistance of the Indian government. The Aga Khan University, founded in 1983, is Karachi's oldest private educational institution, and is one of Pakistan's most prestigious medical schools. Each Union Committee is represented by seven elected representatives, four of whom can be general candidates of any background; the other three seats are reserved for women, religious minorities, and a union representative or peasant farmer. It is also one of the world's megacities. [269] Residents also maintain the sewer pipes,[269] while the city municipal administration has built several primary and secondary pipes for the network. The ethnic groups in Karachi includes all the ethnic groups in Pakistan. Karachi is home to an estimated 400,000 Rohingya residents. KDA under the control of Karachi's local government and mayor in 2001, while the LDA and MDA were abolished. [176] Senator Taj Haider from the PPP claimed he had official documents revealing the city's population to be 25.6 million in 2013,[176] while the Sindh Bureau of Statistics, part of by the PPP-led provincial administration, estimated Karachi's 2016 population to be 19.1 million. [2] Retrieved 31 July 2011. a b c "Religions: Islam 95%, other (includes Christian and Hindu, 2% Ahmadiyyah ) 5%". [217] Further waves of Parsi immigrants from Persia settled in the city in the late 19th century. The Karachi Development Authority (KDA), along with the Lyari Development Authority (LDA) and Malir Development Authority (MDA), is responsible for the development of most undeveloped land around Karachi. These earliest inhabitants are believed to have been hunter-gatherers, with ancient flint tools discovered at several sites. [242][243], The largest shipping ports in Pakistan are the Port of Karachi and the nearby Port Qasim, the former being the oldest port of Pakistan. Surrounding cities of Karachi shown on map, and the distance between Karachi to other cities and states listed below the map. [196][197] Large scale Rohingya migration to Karachi made Karachi one of the largest population centres of Rohingyas in the world outside of Myanmar. Such population exchanges made Karachi linguistically heterogeneous, as 66 percent of the city dwellers became Urdu speakers and native Sindhi citizens turned into a minority community, and homogeneous in terms of religion, with over 95 percent Islamic believers. [168] By the dawn of Pakistan's independence in 1947, the city had an estimated population of 400,000. [68][69][70] The Chaukhandi tombs in Karachi's modern suburbs were built around this time between the 15th and 18th centuries. [26] Kolachi was about 40 hectares in size, with some smaller fishing villages scattered in its vicinity. [167], Political parties in the province have suggested the city's population has been underestimated in a deliberate attempt to undermine the political power of the city and province. [247], During the 1900s, Karachi saw its major beautification project under the mayoralty of Harchandrai Vishandas. [177], The oldest portions of modern Karachi reflect the ethnic composition of the first settlement, with Balochis and Sindhis continuing to make up a large portion of the Lyari neighbourhood,[22] though many of the residents are relatively recent migrants. [258][259][260][261], The committees for each district devise and enforce land-use and zoning regulations within their district. In … British Karachi was divided between the "New Town" and the "Old Town", with British investments focused primarily in the New Town. Cinepax Cinema, [264] There are six military cantonments, which are administered by the Pakistani Army, and are some of Karachi's most upscale neighbourhoods. Notable example of contemporary architecture include the Pakistan State Oil Headquarters building. [105] Real-estate prices soared during this period, leading to a worsening housing crisis. The popularity of golf is increasing, with clubs in Karachi like Dreamworld Resort, Hotel & Golf Club, Arabian Sea Country Club, DA Country & Golf Club. [21] The city's population grew dramatically with the arrival of hundreds of thousands of Muslim refugees from the newly independent Republic of India. Karachi is now home to an estimated 2.5 to 3 million ethnic Bengalis living in Pakistan. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, was born in Karachi's Wazir Mansion in 1876 to such migrants from Gujarat. Karachi is home to some of Pakistan's important cultural institutions. [2] 4% of Karachi's population speaks Balochi as its mother tongue, though most Baloch speakers are of Sheedi heritage – a community that traces its roots to Africa. [269] Residents of individual streets bear the cost of sewerage pipes, and provide volunteer labour to lay the pipe. The Hindu community is split into a more affluent Sindhi Hindu and small Punjabi Hindu group that forms part of Karachi's educated middle class, while poorer Hindus of Rajasthani and Marwari descent form the other part and typically serve as menial and day laborers. [14][13] As of 2008[update], the city's gross domestic product (GDP) by purchasing power parity (PPP) was estimated at $78 billion with a projected average growth rate of 5.5 percent. [230], The Pakistani Government is developing the Karachi Metrobus project, which is a multi-line 112.9-kilometre (70 1⁄4-mile) bus rapid transit system currently under construction. Neo-Renaissance architecture was popular in the 19th century and was the architectural style for St. Joseph's Convent (1870) and the Sind Club (1883). The urban area is divided into six District Municipal Corporations: Karachi East, Karachi West, Karachi Central, Karachi South, Malir, Korangi. The city has low annual average precipitation levels (approx. [265] By 2015, an estimated 30,000 people were dying due to water-borne diseases annually. [308] By 2016, the city registered a total of 21 cases of kidnap for ransom. Ap language and composition synthesis essay 2015 city urdu karachi my Essay class in for on 1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yVDn6TZALsk&feature=youtu.be. An essay on education should be free for everyone. 10-04-2020Essay on sardar vallabhbhai patel.Estrus condensed his essay on karachi city in urdu busheling through stoned rugby; nondirectional, nonepigrammatic onto figured. Each Union Council had thirteen members elected from specified electorates: four men and two women elected directly by the general population; two men and two women elected by peasants and workers; one member for minority communities; two members are elected jointly as the Union Mayor (Nazim) and Deputy Union Mayor (Naib Nazim). [294] In mid 2019, Karachi's ranking fell to 71, ranking it safer than regional cities such as Delhi (65th place) and Dhaka (34th place), but was still higher than Mumbai (172nd place) and Lahore (201st place). While the summers are hot and humid, cool sea breezes typically provide relief during hot summer months, though Karachi is prone to deadly heat waves,[115] though a text message-based early warning system is now in place which helped prevent any fatalities during an unusually strong heatwave in October 2017. Louis. The first ever international cricket match in Karachi was held on 22 November 1935 between Sindh and Australian cricket teams. [29] The 2017 census numerated Karachi's population to be 14,910,352, having grown 2.49% per year since the 1998 census, which had listed Karachi's population at approximately 9.3 million. [2] Sindhis form much of the municipal and provincial bureaucracy. [26] The name Karachee, a shortened and corrupted version the original name Kolachi-jo-Goth, was used for the first time in a Dutch report from 1742 about a shipwreck near the settlement.[48][49]. [2] The bulk of Karachi's Christian community, which makes up 2.5% of the city's population, is Punjabi. [28] The city experienced rapid economic growth following independence, attracting migrants from throughout Pakistan and South Asia. [224], Karachi is served by a road network estimated to be approximately 9,500 kilometres (5,900 miles) in length,[225] serving approximately 3.1 million vehicles per day. [148] Karachi's informal manufacturing sector employs far more people than the formal sector, though proxy data suggest that the capital employed and value added from such informal enterprises is far smaller than that of formal sector enterprises. Karachi (Urdu: كراچى, Sindhi: ڪراچي) is the capital of the province of Sindh, and is the largest city and financial capital of Pakistan.. Beginning in 1947 at partition of the British Raj, when hundreds of thousands of Muhajirs from India sought refuge, the population has exploded from about 450,000 to 14,910,352(provisional) in 2017 Census today. Capri Cinema, The National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences (NUCES-FAST), one of Pakistan's top universities in computer education, operates two campuses in Karachi. The World Factbook on Pakistan. The city's development was largely confined to the area north of the Chinna Creek prior to independence, although the seaside area of Clifton was also developed as a posh locale under the British, and its large bungalows and estates remain some of the city's most desirable properties. [314] The classical style made a comeback in the late 19th century, as seen in Lady Dufferin Hospital (1898)[315] and the Cantt. Problems of karachi city essay in urdu rating. Lahore ranked fifth, while Karachi was … The University of Karachi, founded in 1951, is Pakistan's largest university with a student population of 24,000. Located on the coast of the Arabian Sea, north-west of the Indus River Delta, the mega city is the largest city, original capital and cultural, economical, philanthropic, educational, and political hub, as well as the largest port, of the country. The city has been host to a number of domestic cricket teams including Karachi,[325] Karachi Blues,[326] Karachi Greens,[327] and Karachi Whites. The city has facilities for field hockey (the Hockey Club of Pakistan, UBL Hockey Ground), boxing (KPT Sports Complex), squash (Jahangir Khan Squash Complex), and polo. [75] This road would eventually be further developed by the British into Bandar Road, which was renamed Muhammad Ali Jinnah Road. North of the historic core is the largely middle-class district of Nazimabad, and upper-middle class North Nazimabad, which were developed in the 1950s. [46] In 2015, 1,040 Karachiites were killed in either acts of terror or other crime – an almost 50% decrease from the 2,023 killed in 2014,[305] and an almost 70% decrease from the 3,251 recorded killed in 2013 – the highest ever recorded number in Karachi history. The revived KCR operation is intended to become an inter-regional public transit system in Karachi, with an aim to connect the city centre with several industrial and commercial districts within the city and the outlying suburbs. It is the largest city in Pakistan[15][16] and the twelfth largest city in the world. [45] Conflict between the MQM party, and ethnic Sindhis, Pashtuns, and Punjabis was sharp. Though the Karachi region has been inhabited for millennia,[25] the city was founded as the fortified village of Kolachi in 1729. While most of the city's Hindu population left en masse for India following Pakistan's independence, Karachi still has a large Hindu community with an estimated population of 250,000 based on 2013 data,[216] with several active temples in central Karachi. Karachi News at Tribune.com.pk. Karachi is a centre of research in biomedicine with at least 30 public hospitals, 80 registered private hospitals and 12 recognized medical colleges,[270] including the Indus Hospital, Lady Dufferin Hospital, Karachi Institute of Heart Diseases,[271] National Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases,[272] Civil Hospital,[273] Combined Military Hospital,[274] PNS Rahat,[275] PNS Shifa,[276] Aga Khan University Hospital, Liaquat National Hospital, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre,[277] Holy Family Hospital[278] and Ziauddin Hospital. Karachi is also the terminus of the N-5 National Highway which connects the city to the historic medieval capital of Sindh, Thatta. [2] Pashtuns from Pakistan's Swat Valley, in contrast, are generally seen as more liberal in social outlook. Urban city graphic design on T-Shirts Apparel Prints and other Products. [22][23][24] Approximately 85% of Karachi's Muslims are Sunnis, while 15% are Shi'ites. One of the unique cultural elements of Karachi is that the residences, which are two- or three-story townhouses, are built with the front yard protected by a high brick wall. [280] According to TripAdvisor the city is also home to Pakistan's favorite shopping mall, Dolmen Mall, Clifton which was also featured on CNN[281] and the country's favorite entertainment complex, Port Grand. [92] At the outbreak of the American Civil War, Karachi's port became an important cotton-exporting port,[91] with Indus Steam Flotilla and Orient Inland Steam Navigation Company established to transport cotton from interior Sindh to Karachi's port, and onwards to textile mills in England. The Dawood University of Engineering and Technology, which opened in 1962, offers degree programmes in petroleum, gas, chemical, and industrial engineering. The city continued to attract migrants from throughout Pakistan, who were overwhelmingly Muslim, and city's population nearly doubled again in the 1950s. [31][32] Rohingya refugees from Myanmar, who speak a dialect of Bengali and are sometimes regarded as Bengalis, also live in the city. [241] The current terminal structure was built in 1992, and is divided into international and domestic sections. The road is a part of a much larger motorway network under construction as part of the expansive China Pakistan Economic Corridor. [110] The party and its vast network of supporters were targeted by Pakistani security forces as part of the controversial Operation Clean-up in 1992 – an effort to restore peace in the city that lasted until 1994. Planning Commission, Pakistan Economic Survey, 1964–65, Rawalpindi: Govt. My city karachi essay in urdu. Karachi (Urdu: ڪراچي) is the capital of the province of Sindh, and the most populated city in Pakistan, sometimes known as the "City of Baba Quaid-e-Azam", after … The way to reduce stress essay short essay on earth planet essay on culture preservation. [231] The Metrobus project was inaugurated by then-Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on 25 February 2016. By the middle of 2016, Karachi's rank had dropped to 31 following the launch of anti-crime operations. Karachi is built on a coastal plain with scattered rocky outcroppings, hills and marshlands. [319], Architecturally distinctive, even eccentric, buildings have sprung up throughout Karachi. The aforementioned historic areas form the oldest portions of Karachi, and contain its most important monuments and government buildings, with the I. I. Chundrigar Road being home to most of Pakistan's banks, including the Habib Bank Plaza which was Pakistan's tallest building from 1963 until the early 2000s. Karachi's Mithadar neighbourhood represents the extent of Kolachi prior to British rule. [129] 18% of residents in a 2015 survey rated their water supply as "bad" or "very bad", while 44% expressed concern at the stability of water supply. 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